Eating healthily doesn’t have to be complicated or boring! In fact, it’s about making sure you have plenty of variety, so you get all the nutrients you need and maintain a healthy weight.
It’s about not eating too much of some things – like saturated fat, sugar and salt – while getting enough of others – like fibre, protein, vitamins and minerals.
Fruit and vegetables
Research shows that people who eat plenty of fruit and vegetables are less likely to develop heart disease and certain cancers.
They can be fresh, frozen, dried, canned or juiced and should make up about a third of our diet. Many of us don’t eat enough fruit and veg, and it can be hard to know how much a ‘portion’ actually is. Here are a few simple suggestions, which count as one portion each:
Breakfast – a glass of juice or a heaped tablespoon of dried fruit or a banana with your cereal.
Snacks – an apple or a handful of grapes or a pear.
Lunch – a side salad or a tomato and lettuce in a sandwich or three heaped tablespoons of baked beans.
Dinner – three heaped tablespoons of vegetables like peas or carrots or sweetcorn.
You should try to eat at least 5 portions of different coloured fruit and vegetables a day and each one must be different.
Meat, poultry, fish, eggs, beans, lentils and nuts
Eat a portion of any of these foods at 2 of your daily meals. They all contain protein, which helps to build and repair your body.
You don’t need to eat meat or fish every day – try cheese, well-cooked eggs, beans, lentils or tofu instead.
Try to eat fish twice a week – one portion of white fish such as haddock or cod, and one portion of oily fish such as salmon or sardines. Oily fish are rich in vitamin D and a type of fat that helps to prevent heart disease. Avoid frying meat or fish.