Conditions & illnesses

older man sitting down


Cancer is a condition in which cells in a part of the body grow and multiply in an uncontrolled way. More and more people are being successfully treated for cancer, particularly when it is diagnosed early.  

older man laughing with granddaughter


Dementia is a condition associated with a decline in the functioning of the brain. This causes a gradual loss of mental ability, including problems with memory, understanding, judgement, thinking and language. In Scotland there are around 71,000 people living with dementia. 
two ladies inside smiling



If you see signs of a stroke act FAST. A Stroke is the third most common cause of death after heart disease and cancer.


Do you get a regular eye test?

Glaucoma is the name given to a group of eye conditions which can cause vision loss. Glaucoma is one of the most common causes of preventable blindness worldwide.
happy older woman by tree
older lady with granddaughter

Age related macular degeneration (AMD)

Age-related macular degeneration is a conditon affecting a tiny part of the back of the eye called the macula and leads to loss of what is known as central vision. It affects around 500,000 people in the UK.


older couple looking at map


 Cataracts are cloudy or misty patches that can develop in the lens of the eye making it difficult to see clearly. In the UK around 1 in 3 people over-65 have cataracts in one or both eyes.


Heart disease


Coronary heart disease is a leading cause of death in the UK. It has been the subject of extensive research so that we now know more about what causes it and what can be done to prevent and treat it.


Osteoporosis is a condition that affects the bones causing them to become weak and fragile and making them more prone to break or fracture. Around 250,000 people in Scotland have osteoporosis.

woman with cup of tea

Bladder and Bowel weakness

Incontinence affects more than six million people in Britain today, with many suffering in silence because they are embarrassed while in many cases bladder or bowel weakness can be improved.


older man using mobile phone outdoors


More than 50% of people over 60 will be affected by some type of hearing loss. Most people, who experience hearing loss as they get older, do so due to a condition called presbyacusis.

Parkinson's disease

Still with its causes unknown Parkinson's is a disease of the brain and central nervous system. It progresses over time and affects movement such as walking, talking and writing.
older woman with nurse

Your Age Scotland

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Silver Line Scotland:
0800 4 70 80 90

Useful links

  • The Health A-Z section of this website contains information of the symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of many types of illnesses.  It also includes video interviews with specialists and patients.  NHS inform is a new national health information service providing a single source of quality assured health information for the public in Scotland.

  • SHOW (Scotland's Health on the Web) provides information on more than 100 topics covering all aspects of healthy living and advice on coping with long-term health conditions as well as the NHS and health services.


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