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Dementia is a condition associated with a decline in the functioning of the brain. This causes a gradual loss of mental ability, including problems with memory, understanding, judgement, thinking and language.
There are a number of different types of dementia including vascular dementia and dementia with Lewy bodies, but the most common type is Alzheimer’s disease. Most types of dementia occur due to damage to the cells in the brain and a build-up of protein within the brain. The prevalence of dementia increases with age; around 1 in 100 people over the age of 65 have dementia. This increases to around 20 in 100 over-80 year olds. In Scotland there are around 71,000 people living with dementia.
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The Health A-Z section of this website contains information of the symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of many types of illnesses. It also includes video interviews with specialists and patients. NHS inform is a new national health information service providing a single source of quality assured health information for the public in Scotland.
SHOW (Scotland's Health on the Web) provides information on more than 100 topics covering all aspects of healthy living and advice on coping with long-term health conditions as well as the NHS and health services.
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