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Influenza (flu) - get protected

Ladies on the sofa with tea

This autumn it's more important than ever for older people to help protect themselves against the flu. While we're still learning about coronavirus, we know a lot about the flu and can help to protect people against it. If you're 65 and over, getting your free flu vaccination is a very important way to help protect your health this winter. 

What is the flu?

The flu is an illness that affects the respiratory system. It's caused by the influenza virus and is very contagious.

It's in season throughout winter. Even if the weather's mild, you can still catch it.

What are the symptoms of the flu?

Symptoms of the flu can include:

  • a fever
  • a dry cough
  • sore throat
  • headache
  • muscle aches
  • feeling sick and being sick
  • diarrhoea
  • feeling very tired.

How can I treat the flu?

As the flu is a virus, antibiotics won’t relieve flu symptoms or help your recovery. To help you get better you should drink plenty of water, rest as much as possible and try to keep warm. Taking ibuprofen and paracetamol can help ease some of the symptoms.

How can I stop myself catching the flu?

Influenza is a very infectious virus. To reduce the risk of spreading it make sure you wash your hands often, use tissues whenever you cough, or sneeze and bin used tissues as quickly as possible.

There is a vaccine available for those who are at a higher risk of the flu.

Even if it's a mild winter, flu is in season, so it's important to have an annual free flu jab if you're eligible. This helps protect you and any person you care for.

Who can get a free flu jab?

You can get a free flu jab from your GP or pharmacist if:

  • From 1 December, the flu vaccine will be available for free to anyone 50 and over in Wales. You'll be contacted by your GP or contact your pharmacy to arrange a vaccination.
  • You live in residential care or another long-stay care facility
  • You provide care for an older or disabled person
  • You live in the same household as someone who is on the Shielded Patient List or is immunocompromised
  • People of any age who have certain health conditions. A full list of can be found on the NHS website.
  • Pregnant women
  • Children aged two to eleven
  • People aged 50-64 may become eligible later in the Autumn. Check on the Public Health Wales website to find out when this comes into effect.

If you're a frontline worker in the NHS, the NHS will pay for your vaccination.

If you work in social care your employer should organise and pay for your vaccine. If your employer does not offer the vaccine and you work for either a registered residential care or nursing home, a registered home care organisation or a hospice, you may be able to have a free vaccine at your GP or pharmacist.

You should be able to get a free flu jab from your GP or pharmacist if you provide health or social care through Direct Payments (personal budgets) or Personal Health Budgets (such as Personal Assistants) or both.

Speak to your GP or pharmacist if you think you could be eligible.

When should I have the flu jab?

Most surgeries and pharmacists start to offer the jab in late September or early October.

It takes up to 14 days for the vaccine to take effect, so it's better to have it as early as possible.

However, the flu season lasts until the end of March, so it's well worth protecting yourself up until then.

Where can I get my flu jab?

You can have your flu jab at your GP surgery or a local pharmacy offering the service. Where you go is your decision.

We’ve answered some more frequently asked questions

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