What is Employment and Support Allowance

Employment and Support Allowance (ESA) is a benefit for people who are unable to work due to illness or disability.

There are 2 types of ESA, and you may be entitled to one or both of them:

  • Contribution-based ESA - you can get this if you've paid enough National Insurance contributions. It's taxable.
  • Income-related ESA - you can get this if you have no income or a low income.You don't have to have paid National Insurance contributions and it isn't taxable.

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