A new single-tier, flat-rate State Pension is being introduced which will affect people reaching State Pension age from 6 April 2016 onwards. Find out what the changes mean for you.
In May 2014 Parliament agreed the Pensions Act 2014. The act:
The information here provides an overview of the new system. You can also find more information on GOV.UK.
The existing system is complex, has high levels of means-testing and produces inequality - for example, women tend to have lower State Pensions than men.
The Government wants to address these issues and the aim is to introduce a simpler, fairer system where people have a clearer idea about what the state will provide, making it easier to plan their retirement savings.
The new single-tier pension will only affect people reaching State Pension age from 6 April 2016 onwards. That is women born on or after 6 April 1953 and men born on or after 6 April 1951.
The current State Pension and benefit systems will continue for those who are already pensioners or who reach State Pension age before 6 April 2016. It's the date that you reach State Pension age that's important - not when you start to claim your pension.
For people who are already receiving their pension or who will reach State Pension age before 6 April 2016, a new scheme starting in October 2015 will allow people to pay a new class of voluntary National Insurance (NI) contributions (called Class 3A).
This is intended to help people boost their additional State Pension by a maximum of £25 per week. The scheme will be open for a period of 18 months from October 2015.
Anyone considering this will need to weigh up the costs of contributions with the likely increase to their pension income.
When the single-tier pension is fully introduced it will have the following features:
Although the new system is based on a single amount for everyone with at least 35 years of contributions, you may get more or less than the £148.40 if you have contributions or credits from before April 2016.
When the single-tier pension is introduced in 2016, anyone who has already built up a NI record will have a ‘starting amount’. This will be the higher of:
A deduction will be made from the starting amount if you have been in a ‘contracted out’ personal or workplace pension scheme – for example if you have been a member of a public sector pension. In this case normally you will have paid lower NI contributions because you were paying into a contracted out pension instead
If your 'starting amount' is more than the level of the new State Pension, due to the basic and additional pension you have already built up, any amount over £148.40 will be protected and paid in addition to the single-tier pension when you reach State Pension age.
If your starting amount is less than £148.40 you may be able to build up more pension for any years of contributions or credits between 6 April 2016 and when you reach State Pension age.
Pension Credit guarantee will continue to be available under the new system, but those who reach State Pension age on or after 6 April 2016 will not be able to claim savings credit. Housing Benefit will continue (but will be incorporated into Pension Credit in the future) and the system of Council Tax support will also remain.
The State Pension is based on your own contributions and in general you will not be able to claim on your spouse or civil partner’s contributions at retirement or if you are widowed or divorced. However if you are widowed you may be able to inherit part of your partner’s additional State Pension already built up. There is also provision under the new system for women who paid the reduced rate ‘married woman’s contributions’ to use these contributions towards the new State Pension.
If you are not on course to receive a full State Pension on your own contributions you may be able to increase your entitlement – for example by paying voluntary NI contributions or if you are eligible for credits. Contact the Pension Service for more information.
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The pension calculator is a pre-retirement planning tool and can help you plan ahead.
The Pension Service provides details of state pensions‚ including forecasts and how to claim your pension.
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