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State Pension

The State Pension is a regular payment made to you by the government once you reach State Pension age. There are two types of State Pension and both are based on your previous National Insurance contribution record.

What types of State Pension are there?

In 2016, a New State Pension came into effect, replacing the Basic State Pension that existed before it. Which pension applies to you will depend on whether you reached State Pension age before the New State Pension came into force - see below.

The new State Pension 
The basic State Pension

What State Pension would I claim?

Use our chart to find out which state pension you should claim:


Date of birth



Before 6 April 1953

Basic State Pension


After 5 April 1953

New State Pension


Before 6 April 1951

Basic State Pension


After 5 April 1951

New State Pension

Why are there two State Pensions?

The New State Pension was introduced in 2016 to replace the Basic State Pension. To prevent confusion, those already qualified for the Basic State Pension continue to receive it, and only new claimants receive the New State Pension. Eventually the Basic State Pension will be phased out completely.

When will I reach State Pension age?

Since 6 December 2018, people have no longer been able to claim State Pension when they turn 65 (this is because State Pension age is gradually increasing for both men and women – for example, in April 2020 it was 65 and 8-9 months and by October 2020 it will be 66).

Check when you'll receive your State Pension on GOV.UK using the government's State Pension calculator.

State Pension age will not be paid to you automatically. A few months before you reach State Pension age you will receive a letter with your options and you will have the choice to claim or to defer and receive higher payments in the future instead.

Further information

For more information call Age Cymru Advice on 08000 223 444

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