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Sexual abuse

Sexual abuse includes: rape, indecent exposure, sexual harassment, inappropriate looking or touching, sexual teasing or innuendo, sexual photography, subjection to pornography or witnessing sexual acts.

Possible indicators of sexual abuse

  • Significant change in sexual behaviour or attitude.
  • Pregnancy in a woman who is unable to consent to sexual intercourse.
  • Changes to urinary continence or soiling.
  • Poor concentration.
  • Person appears withdrawn, depressed, or stressed.
  • Unusual difficulty or sensitivity in walking or sitting.
  • Torn, stained or bloody underclothing.
  • Bruises, bleeding, pain or itching in genital area.
  • Sexually transmitted diseases, urinary tract or vaginal infection.
  • Bruising to thighs, upper arms, or neck, or ‘love bites’.
  • Self-harming behaviour.
  • Showing signs of fear or emotional distress
  • Bruises around the breasts or genital areas.
  • Unexplained sexually transmitted infections.
  • Unexplained vaginal or anal bleeding.
  • Torn, stained or bloody underclothing.
  • Inappropriate displays of physical affection or sexual touching by a care provider.
  • The adult who needs care and support telling you they have been sexually assaulted, raped or forced to engage in sexual activity to which they have not consented.


Last updated: Jun 15 2023

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