Public transport fails the oldest and most vulnerable
Published on 19 June 2015 12:01 AM
The UK's public transport system is failing the oldest and most vulnerable in society, says a new report by The International Longevity Centre - UK and Age UK.
The report, The Future of Transport in an Ageing Society, highlights the travel problems faced by millions of older people.
Despite free bus travel, one third of over-65s in England never use public transport, and over half either never use public transport or use it less than once a month.
Approximately 35,000 people aged 65 to 84 in England have difficulty walking just a short distance but are restricted to using public transport, which makes any journey difficult.
1.45 million over-65s who find it quite difficult or very difficult to travel to a hospital, while 630,000 over-65s find it difficult or very difficult to travel to their GP.
Oldest old let down most
The report also shows that it is the oldest old, those who are in poor health and those living in rural areas, who are let down the most by the current public transport system:
- less than 55% of people over 55 report finding it easy to travel to a hospital, a supermarket or a post office
- among the over-65s, who report that it is ‘very difficult' for them to travel to see their GP, less than 30% are in good health
- just 20% of those aged 70-74 living in rural areas use public transport weekly, compared to 38% of those who live in an urban setting.
The report argues that with the start of the new parliament, it is time to embrace the opportunities for improvement.
In particular, devolution of central government powers to local communities could mean more flexible transport services which better reflect the needs of older people, while advances in technology, including driverless cars, could further expand older people's transport options.
Helen Creighton of ILC-UK said: 'Travel is essential for independent living and has been shown to benefit physical health and mental wellbeing in later life.
Furthermore there is evidence that maintaining older people's mobility has substantial economic benefits, with analysis by ILC-UK estimating that concessionary fares will provide a net benefit to the wider community of £19.4 billion in the years up to 2037.
This report, which highlights the travel difficulties facing older people, emphasises the need to adapt our transport system to meet the demands of our ageing society.'
Caroline Abrahams, Charity Director at Age UK, said: 'It is crucial that older people are able to get out and about, especially as the evidence shows this helps them retain their health and independence for longer.
Against this context it is worrying that so many older people are struggling to reach hospital, or sometimes even their local GP.
'This report should be a wakeup call because it shows our transport system is not currently meeting the needs of our growing ageing population.
The bus pass is an absolute lifeline for many who would otherwise be stranded at home and is utterly essential, but the truth is it's not enough on its own to enable older people to stay mobile.
For example, better transport planning and more imaginative use of volunteers could make a big difference today; and in the medium term "driverless cars" and other technological innovations could be real game changers.'